Biman Bangladesh Airlines (Bengali: বিমান বাংলাদেশ এয়ারলাইনস), is the national flag carrier airline of Bangladesh. Its main hub is at Shahjalal International Airport in Dhaka and it also operates flights from its secondary hubs Shah Amanat International Airport in Chittagong and Osmani International Airport in Sylhet. The airline provides international passenger and cargo services to Asia and Europe, as well as major domestic routes inside Bangladesh. It has air service agreements with 42 countries and currently flies to 16 different countries.
The airline was wholly owned and managed by the government of Bangladesh until 23 July 2007, when it was transformed into the country’s largest public limited company by the Caretaker Government of Bangladesh. The airline’s headquarters, Balaka Bhaban, is located in Kurmitola, Dhaka. Annual Hajj flights, transporting non-resident Bangladeshi workers and migrants, and the activities of its subsidiaries, form an integral part of the carrier’s business.
Created in February 1972. In the decades following its founding, the airline expanded its fleet and destinations. At its peak, Biman has operated flights to 29 international destinations, as far away as New York City to the west and Tokyo to the east. Since becoming a public limited company in 2007, the airline has begun to modernize its fleet. The airline has made a deal with Boeing for ten new aircraft, along with options for ten more.
Biman Bangladesh Airlines is certified as safe to fly in Europe by the European Aviation Safety Agency. In addition, the airline successfully passed the IATA Operational Safety Auditand since then it has been successfully flying to some of its previous destinations in Asia and Europe.
Biman plans to fly the nation’s bi-coloured flag to greater heights, with great pride around the globe.
On 4th January 1972, Biman Bangladesh Airlines made its journey with a DC-3 aircraft. After procured two-F-27s, Biman finally took-off on March 7, 1972 with domestic flights to Chittagong and Sylhet from its base in Dhaka. Shortly afterwards, a Boeing 707, joined the airline’s fleet, allowing Biman to begin international flights. By the end of the seventies, Biman had a fleet of 8 F27 and 5 Boeing 707. Biman was serving 7 domestic and 18 International destinations.
The eighties was the era of fleet modernization. In 1983 three DC 10-30 aircraft joined Biman, marking a new era for the airline. In 1989 Biman purchased a new DC-10-30 from Mcdonnell Douglas. Biman started taking out the F-27s from its fleet in phases.
Biman made purchase of two new Airbus 310-300 in 1996. These were two of the last few 310s manufactured by Airbus. The airline operates its own ancillary and maintenance facilities at Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, where it carries out all maintenance work and C-Checks on DC-10-30s and A310-300s.
In 2012 Biman added two Boeing 777-300ER aircraft. They will replace the DC–10s, which will be phased out by the end of 2013. Biman is looking for leasing more Boeing 777 aircraft, and increase the fleet to 16 aircraft within two years; the Airbus A310s will also be phased out within two years. Biman is also investigating the acquisition of two turboprop aircraft for domestic operations which Biman plans to start in November 2013.
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As of November 2013, Biman serves 20 cities in 14 countries. However, the carrier has air service agreements with 43 countries leaving room for expansion for which it lacks aircraft. The airline operates flights to several destinations in the Middle East, some destinations in South and South East Asia; and in Europe.
Biman plans to resume services to New York City via Birmingham, and other terminated destinations in Europe in 2014; after it receives its third and fourth Boeing 777-300ER. It also plans to begin flights to China.
Biman Bangladesh Airlines,